Social Psychology Network

Maintained by Scott Plous, Wesleyan University

Jack Brehm

Jack Brehm

[Note: Professor Jack W. Brehm died on August 9, 2009. Social Psychology Network is maintaining this profile for visitors who wish to learn more about Professor Brehm's work.]

My research interests presently are centered on emotion, and especially the intensity of emotion, and how emotion relates to motivation.

Primary Interests:

  • Attitudes and Beliefs
  • Emotion, Mood, Affect
  • Interpersonal Processes
  • Motivation, Goal Setting
  • Social Cognition


  • Brehm, J. W. (1966). Theory of psychological reactance. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
  • Brehm, J. W., & Cohen, A. R. (1962). Explorations in cognitive dissonance. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Wicklund, R. A., & Brehm, J. W. (1976). Perspectives on cognitive dissonance. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Journal Articles:

  • Brehm, J. W. (2007). A brief history of dissonance theory. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 1(1), 381-391.
  • Brehm, J. W. (1999). The intensity of emotion. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 3, 2-22.
  • Brehm, J. W. (1956). Postdecision changes in the desirability of alternatives. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 52(3), 384-389.
  • Brehm, J. W., Brummett, B. H., & Harvey, L. (1999). Paradoxical sadness. Motivation and Emotion, 23, 31-44.
  • Brehm, J. W., & Miron, A. M. (2006). Can the simultaneous experience of opposing emotions really occur? Motivation and Emotion, 30(1), 13-30.
  • Brehm, J. W., Miron, A. M., & Miller, K. (2009). Affect as a motivational state. Cognition and Emotion, 23(6), 1069-1089.
  • Brehm, J. W., & Rozen, E. (1971). Attractiveness of old alternatives when a new attractive alternative is introduced. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 20(3), 261-266.
  • Brehm, J. W., & Self, E. A. (1989). The intensity of motivation. Annual Review of Psychology, 40, 109-131.
  • Harmon-Jones, E., Brehm, J. W., Greenberg, J., Simon, L., & Nelson, D. E. (1996). Evidence that the production of aversive consequences is not necessary to create cognitive dissonance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 5-16.
  • Simon, L., Greenberg, J., & Brehm, J. W. (1995). Trivialization: The forgotten mode of dissonance reduction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68(2), 247-260.

Other Publications:

  • Brehm, J. W. (1993). Control, its loss, and psychological reactance. In G. Weary, F. H. Gleicher, & K. L. Marsh (Eds.), Control motivation and social cognition. New York: Springer-Verlag.

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